LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENTS

Sustainability is not measured within a context of a product’s use, but across the entire life cycle of the product, from resources needed for production, the energy consumed in producing it, the product’s use and post-use. A Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a tool used to evaluate the potential environmental impact of a product, process or activity throughout this entire life cycle. For detergents, P&G is particularly interested in evaluating the impact of their products throughout all Life Cycle phases and how they are used. Learn more about how P&G does a Life Cycle Assessment.

Life Cycle Assessments offer an analysis of a product’s life cycle from cradle to gate and cradle to grave.

For decades, P&G has been a leader in Life Cycle Assessments. The research has allowed P&G to make reliable decisions on the sustainability and efficiency of ingredients, product composition, processes and consumption practices. See the case studies for how some of P&G’s products performed.

Life Cycle Impact Assessments (LCIAs) take data developed in the Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) process and convert them into indicators for Life Cycle Assessments (LCAs). Learn more about what indicators are used in LCIAs.

These different forms of life cycle assessments help P&G determine the environmental impact and overall sustainability of its products. Whether it is product compaction, cold water washing, new cleaning technologies or radical shifts in product composition, P&G will measure the environmental impact amid other concerns through diligent research.

These different forms of life cycle assessments help P&G determine the environmental impact and overall sustainability of its products. Whether it is product compaction, cold water washing, new cleaning technologies or radical shifts in product composition, P&G will measure the environmental impact amid other concerns through diligent research.

P&G has reviewed its energy and greenhouse gas emissions footprint across the lifecycle of its most important marketed products. The 2010 Company Footprint is based on life cycle assessment (LCA) studies, where products are assessed from the production of raw materials, to manufacturing, logistics, packaging, distribution, use by the consumer, and finally disposal. The 2010 P&G Company Footprint shows that the majority of the energy use and greenhouse gas emissions related to our products’ lifecycles comes from the consumer use phase, followed by raw material production and P&G manufacturing. Laundry is the most impactful product category, with around 50% contribution to each indicator, followed by shampoo and hand dish. For laundry, hand dish and shampoo, the energy use is largely related to the heating of water when consumers use these products in their homes. For more info, download PDF (P&G 2010 Footprint Energy GHG Emissions)

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Illustrations from P&G's Science-in-the-Box website can be used freely for educational, non-commercial purposes provided that the source will be published as follows: "Obtained from www.scienceinthebox.com (P&G website)"

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